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引用本文:高慧颖,王琦,余亚白.火龙果花的研究现状与开发前景[J].热带生物学报,2012,3(3):281-286.
火龙果花的研究现状与开发前景
Research Progress and Development of Pitaya Flower
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 火龙果    营养评价  研究进展
英文关键词: pitaya  flower  nutritional evaluation  research and development
基金项目:福建省农业科学院青年基金项目(2011QC-3);福州市科技计划项目(2011-G-101)
作者单位
高慧颖 福建省农业科学院 农业工程技术研究所福建 福州 350003 
王琦 福建省农业科学院 农业工程技术研究所福建 福州 350003 
余亚白 福建省农业科学院 农业工程技术研究所福建 福州 350003 
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中文摘要:
      对火龙果的种植概况、品种资源以及火龙果花的生物学性状、功效成分、产品试制等方面的研究进行了综述,并根据氨基酸含量分析数据,对火龙果花中必需氨基酸和药用氨基酸进行了营养学评价,阐明了火龙果花开发利用的良好前景。
英文摘要:
      Originated in the Central America, pitaya have been spread for cultivation in 20 countries or regions. Pitaya flower has many medical benefits such as lowering blood pressure, lung nourishing, beauty care, etc. Pitaya have a long period of flowering and produce a huge number of pitaya flower each year. The recent research and developments of pitaya are reviewed in terms of planting area and cultivars as well as the biological characteristics and functional constituents of pitaya flower and pilot trial of pitaya flower products. Essential amino acids and medical amino acids were evaluated nutritionally based on the available data. The evaluation showed that pitaya flower contained limited amount of Met+Cys amino acids and large amount of Leu and Try amino acids and similar amount of Ile, Phe+Tyr and Thr amino acids to the pattern spectrum which FAO/WHO revised in 1973. A good prospect for development of pitaya flower is also described.
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