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引用本文:廖永岩,谢叶,谢伟阳,梁建安,林尤通.由养殖废水导致的湛江硇洲岛海域夜光藻赤潮[J].热带生物学报,2012,3(3):276-280.
由养殖废水导致的湛江硇洲岛海域夜光藻赤潮
Harmful Algal Blooms of Noctiluca scintillans Resulted from Wastewater of Aquaculture in the Waters Around the Naozhou Island, Zhanjiang, China
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 赤潮  夜光藻  养殖废水  湛江硇洲岛
英文关键词: harmful algal blooms  Naozhou Island  Zhanjiang  Noctiluca scintillans  aquaculture based waste water
基金项目:广东省海洋渔业科技推广专项科技攻关与研发重点项目(A201008J01)
作者单位
廖永岩 1.广东海洋大学 水产学院广东 湛江 524025 
谢叶 1.广东海洋大学 水产学院广东 湛江 524025 
谢伟阳 1.广东海洋大学 水产学院广东 湛江 524025 
梁建安 2.湛江市渔政海监支队广东 湛江 524039 
林尤通 2.湛江市渔政海监支队广东 湛江 524039 
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中文摘要:
      于2002年2月对湛江硇洲海域发生的夜光藻赤潮进行了调查,结果发现:该赤潮发生的海域水温19 ℃,盐度27~32,pH值6.87~8.33,溶解氧2.81~8.11 mg·L-1,化学需氧量0.97~492.28 mg·L-1,氨氮0.002~0.258 mg·L-1,硝酸盐0.040~0.262 mg·L-1,亚硝酸盐0.005~0.175 mg·L-1,无机氮0.047~0.529 mg·L-1,活性磷酸盐0.048~1.682 mg·L-1。这是由于当地对虾养殖池清塘,将大量富营养化养殖废水直接排入海,从而造成该海域发生长约2 km,宽约50 m, 面积约10 hm2的红色夜光藻赤潮的主要原因。
英文摘要:
      An investigation of harmful algal blooms of Noctiluca scintillans was conducted in the waters around the Naozhou Island, Zhanjiang, China. The investigation showed that the harmful algal blooms appeared in the waters around the Island when the sea temperature was 19 ℃, the salinity 27-32, the pH 687-833, the dissolved oxygen 281-811 mg·L-1, the chemical oxygen demand 097-49228 mg·L-1, the ammonia nitrogen 0002-0258 mg·L-1, the nitrate 004-0262 mg·L-1, the nitrite 0005-0175 mg·L-1, the inorganic nitrogen 0047-0529 mg·L-1, and the reactive phosphate 0048-1682 mg·L-. This was due to the fact that large amounts of eutrophic waste water were discharged into the sea waters directly from the local prawn ponds due to pond cleaning. This mass of eutrophic waste water was the major factor that caused the harmful algal blooms of N. scintillans covering the waters 2 km long and 50 m wide, or a sea area of 10 hectares in the waters around the Island.
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